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河北省专接本英语考试大纲

[日期:2011-08-30]   来源:河北专接本考试网-2012河北专接本考试报名/成绩查询  作者:河北专接本考试网-2012河北专接本考试报名/成绩查询   阅读:396[字体: ]

河北省专接本英语考试大纲

河北省专接本英语考试大纲 一、 内容概述与总要求 根据教育部高等教育司制定的《高职高专教育英语课程教学基本要求》(试行)中的 A 级 标准,考虑我省高职高专英语教学实际,河北省专接本英语考试主要考核学生的语言运用能力, 同时考核学生对语言知识即语法和词汇用法的掌握和应用程度。 语言运用能力主要从阅读理解能力和协作能力两个方面考察; 语言知识的掌握主要从词汇和 语法方面考察,其具体要求分别如下: 词汇 应试者应认知 3400 个左右的英语单词和短语,其中 1800 个单词和短语属中学以学 过的, 另外 600 个单词和短语属专科期间要求掌握的。 要求应试者对已经学过的单词和短语能够 正确发音和应用。 语法 应试者应懂得英语基本的语法结构和常用句型, 能够正确理解用这些结构和句型写成 句子 要求掌握的基本语法知识包括: 1) 英语句子的基本语序及意义; 2) 英语句子的结构和常用句型; 3) 各种时体语态的变化及意义; 4) 各种从句的构成和意义; 5) 句子之间的所指,省略,替代,重复及逻辑关系。 阅读理解能力 应试者能综合运用英语语言知识和阅读技能来理解一般的英语书面材料。 阅 读能力主要包括下类几个方面: 1) 掌握所读材料的主旨和大意; 2) 了解阐述主旨的事实和细节; 3) 根据上下文判断某些词语和短语的意义; 4) 既理解个别句子的意义,也理解上下文之间的逻辑关系; 5) 根据所读材料进行一定的判断,推理和引申; 6) 领会作者的观点,意图和态度。 写作能力 应试者应能够在规定的时间内就一定的话题、提纲、表格、图示或情景写出不 少于 120 个词的短文或日常应用文等,要求能正确表达思想,内容切题,意义连贯,无重大的语 法错误。 二、 考试形式与试卷结构 考试采用闭卷、笔试的形式。为保证试卷的信度和效度,试卷采用主观题与客观题相结合 的形式,使之能较全面地测试学生有关语言的基础知识及起运用能力。考试有语音、情景对话、 辩错、词汇与结构、阅读理解、完形填空和写作七部分组成。考试时间为 90 分钟、满分 120 分。 第一部分:语音知识 共 5 题,每小题 1 分。每小题有 4 个单词,其中有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线 部分的读音不同。要求考生找出这个词。主要考查字母及字母组合的发音。 第二部分:情景对话 共 10 题,每题 1 分。情景对话由两部分组成,第一部分有五组简短对话,以一问一答的 形式出现,答语从四个选项中选出一个最佳答案;第二部分是一个较长的连贯的英语会话,含有 五个空缺的句子或短语, 要求从所给的七个选项中选出最佳答案。 本部分主要考察学生对英语对 话的理解能力和口语交际能力。 第三部分:词汇和语法结构 共 30 题,每小题 1 分。其中词汇题 20 个,语法结构题 10 个,要求考生从所给的四个选 项中选出一个最佳答案填入空白处, 使句子意思完整。 词汇题是考察考生对词汇及词组的辩异能 力以及在句中的具体运用;语法结构题是测试考生对标准英语书面语语法结构的掌握程度。 第四部分:阅读理解 共 20 题,每题 2 分。这部分由四篇短文组成,每篇短文后有 5 个问题,要求考生在理解全 文的基础上, 从给出的四个选项中选出一个最符合题意的答案。 主要测试学生掌握所读材料的主 旨和大意; 了解说明主旨和大意的事实和细节; 根据所读材料进行一定的判断和推理以及在语境 中猜测词义的能力。 第五部分:完形填空 共 10 题,每小题 1 分。这部分为一篇短文,文中有十处空白,每个空白为一小题。每小题 有四个选项,要求考生在阅读理解文章内容的基础上,选择一个最佳答案,使文章的意思和结构 合理、完整。此题旨在考察学生综合应用英语语言的能力。 第六部分:写作 短文一篇,20 分。此部分要求考生能够在规定的时间内就一定的话题、提纲、表格、图 示或情景写出不少于 100 词的短文或日常应用文等。 要求能正确表达思想, 内容切题, 意义连贯, 无重大的语法错误。 河北省普通高等学校专科接本科教育公共课考试 英语知识分类与例题解析使用说明 这是为参加河北省普通高等学校专科接本科教育入学考试的学生复习《专接本英语》编写的辅导材料。专 门为河北汇文专接本辅导学校和河北意通考试辅导学校编撰的, 编者以该科考试大纲为依据, 按照大纲所列考 试内容和考试要求,并参照河北省教育厅 2006 年 11 月编写的《考试指南》 ,将知识进行分类,其中的部分知 识的难度是高于专接本英语的,但是,我们需要站在较高的起点上来学习,才有胜利的把握! 其中还有部分知识汇文老师在课堂上专门讲解到,语音、作文、改错等题型将会在意通专接本课堂讲解, 语音、作文、改错等题型将会在意通专接本课堂讲解, 请参加汇文和意通的辅导才能听到课程的精华! ! 以下的知识不一定是老师课程上讲课的内容或顺序,是众多老师知识的结晶,请注意也要自学! 第一讲:1 词汇和语法的测试重点 1)近义词和近形词 a. 近义词:指意义相近,考生容易混淆的词。着重考查考生对词义的确切理解。 b. 近形词:指虽然词义不同但是在词的拼写、读音等词形方面有一定的相似之处。这类试题着重考查考 生对词汇记忆的准确与熟练程度。 2)动词短语 这一类考题包括及物动词和副词, 及物动词和介词构成的短语。 它既考查考生对这些短语的构成和意义的 掌握,而且考查它们的用法。 3)介词短语 这类考题在考查考生对介词意义的掌握的同时, 考查考生对不同介词与其宾语的固定搭配及用法的掌握情 况。例如:介词带名词、动名词、从句、疑问句及不定式等各形式的宾语;介词短语做定语、表语、状语、宾 语补足语等等。 4)习惯搭配 这类试题考查名词、形容词、动词、介词的各种其他固定用法,包括一些习语与成语的构成及意义,在测 试中占有相当大的比例。 2 语法的测试重点 1) 谓语动词 主要测试英语中的各种时态、语态以及主谓一致等。 2) 虚拟语气 主要测试各种虚拟语气的用法,其中关键是主句的时态和与之相应的条件状语从句中的时态。 3) 连词的用法 主要测试不同类型连词的用法及其引导的各种状语从句 4) 非谓语动词 主要测试动词不定式、动名词、现在分词、和过去分词各自的用法。其中重点是测试非谓语动词的时态和 语态。 5) 各种从句 主要测试定语从句和名词性从句 6) It 句型 主要测试"It"的不同用法,重点测试“It”作为形式主语、形式宾语、和用于强调结构的用法。 在解答词汇和语法结构题时,可用以下几种方法: 1. 看准就选的直接选择法 "词汇与结构"考试的题型由题句和四个备选答案组成。在四个答案中,只有一个是正确的,其余三个都是 干扰项。考生在答题时,首先应当运用直接选择法,也就是在做题时找出题句中与备选答案相关的词,利用语 法规则--一般为固定搭配或习惯用法,直接选出答案。一旦看准,就不必再往下看,这样既能节省时间,又能 提高正确率。 2. 逐个排除法 在答题时, 如果不能从四个备选答案中根据词组的固定搭配或习惯用法直接选出答案的话, 就应该从题的 句子结构和上下文意思两方面加以考虑,通过对语义、语法、逻辑的分析,或通过词汇、语法、辨析来逐个排 除,确定三项都有错误,以便推论不知意思的项为正确答案。 3. 按动词的适当形式选择 在英语的各类词性中,动词是变化最多、应用最广的词类。考生除了熟练掌握谓语动词的时态、语态,以 及非谓语动词在句中的不同作用之外, 在答题时, 首先要根据题句中的时间状语来判断谓语动词的时态; 其次, 按照语法规则(包括习惯搭配)选择出动词的适当形式,同时,还应考虑到题句中时态的前后呼应和题句本身 的意义。 4. 概率确定法 考生做选择题时,在备选答案中遇到生词是难免的,这时候,不能一见到生词就不知所措,而是应该认真 推敲认识的词,同时利用概率论的知识,比较准确地选择答案。如果能够认识四个备选答案中的一个、两个、 或三个,可以做出以上的考虑;如果四个都不认识,这是虽用不上任何接题技巧,但也要利用构词知识根据上 下文猜一个答案,这样至少会有 25%答对的可能性。总之,一定要答题,不能空着。此外,需要强调的是, 考生在答题时,对判断不准的答案,不能太犹豫不决,而应该当机立断做出选择。 以上几种答题方法,只是基本的常用方法。在答题时要全面考虑问题,不要顾此失彼。 一名词: 一名词:首先让我们先看看考生中普遍存在的问题。从历次试卷的分析中可以看出,考生在词汇方面存在着 以下的共同问题: 1. 语意问题,包括多义词、同义词、近义词、反义词等。英语中不少单词是多义词,有的学生只知 道某个单词的某种意思,却不知道它的其它含义和在特定上下文中的引申含义,这在很大程度上影响了 考生对题目的理解,也影响了考生答题的正确率。还有,有的考生不能准确辨别一些同义词的差异,不 了解这些同义词适用的特定语境和场合,造成误选错选。另外,考生还常常混淆某些词形相近但词意或 词性完全不同的词,例如:effect 和 affect,adopt 和 adapt 等。此外,英语和汉语分属两种不同的语系, 词语的涵义往往很难完全对等。受汉语词义干扰也是学生学习中的困难因素之一。 2. 搭配问题,包括名词与形容词的搭配;动词与名称的搭配;动词、名词或形容词与介词的搭配; 动词与副词的搭配等。这些搭配很复杂,有的依据语法搭配,有的根据习惯用法搭配,千变万化。这往 往是产生词汇和语法错误的主要原因。 名词 考查的重点是近义词、反义词辨析、一词多义用法、名词与介词的搭配,形近词辨析以及辨别名词 的单复数等内容。其中名词与介词的搭配,形近词辨析以及辨别名词的单复数等内容,我们将在以后的 相关篇章中做详细讲解。 1. 近义词 这类题的的四个选项为意义相近的四个名词,要求考生从中选出符合题意的词。 例: The newspaper didn't mention the ________ of the damage caused by the fire. A) range B) level C) extent D) quantity 例: My father seemed to be in no _____ to look at my school report. A) mood B) emotion C) attitude D) feeling 第二讲 形容词形容词和副词是英语语法中的重要组成部分,词汇用法测试中的重要内容之一就是:形容词和副词 的误用;形容词和副词用于修饰时的词序;某些在词义上容易混淆的形容词和副词;有关形容词和副词 比较级和最高级的用法;由形容词和副词和其它词所组成的固定结构等。 下面我们就谈谈这些问题: 下面我们就谈谈这些问题: 1. 语序 形容词做定语的一般词序为: 限定词-性质-形状-颜色-来源-材料--基本特征和用途--名词,即:当一个名词有几个前置修饰语时, 表示最基本特征的词往往离所修饰的名词最近。 例:a beautiful blue dress,短语中 blue 是 dress 的基本特征,所以最靠近修饰的名词 dress。 2. 词义辨析 形容词词义辨析以及形容词与名词的搭配是历年四级的考点之一。 1) 同义形容词、近义形容词辨析 例:There were some ________ flowers on the table. A) artificial B) unnatural C) false D) unreal 例:Our new house is very ________ for me as I can get to the office in five minutes. A) adaptable B) comfortable C) convenient D) available 例:They took ________ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. A) fruitful B) beneficial C) valid D) effective 4. 形近形容词辨析 例:It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____ knowledge. A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive 5. 易混形容词辨析 例:In Britain, the best season of the year is probably _____ spring. A) later B) last C) latter D) late 6. 形容词与名词的搭配 例:In the advanced course students must take performance tests at monthly _____. A) gaps B) intervals C) length D) distance 例:Students or teachers can participate in excursions to lovely beaches around the island at regular _____. A) gaps B) rate C) length D) intervals 7. 形容词 most 的用法 例:It is reported that _____ adopted children want to know who their natural parents are. A) the most B) most of C) most D) the most of 8. 数词+名词构成复合形容词,其构成方法及用法见下例: 例 Despite the wonderful acting and well-developed plot the ____ movie could not hold our attention. A) three-hours B) three-hour C) three-hours' D) three-hour's 9. 比较和倍数的表达 例:Americans eat ________ as they actually need every day. A) twice as much protein B) twice protein as much C) twice protein as much D) protein as twice much 副词 1. 副词的一般词序为: 副词的一般词序为: 频度副词--被修饰动词--程度副词--方式副词--地点副词--时间副词 例:You always study very hard here this term.(你这个学期总是在这里非常用功地学习。 ) a) neither,nor 的用法 , 例:The organization had broken no rules, but _____ had it acted responsibly. A) neither B) so C) either D) both b) however 的用法 例:I've already told you that I'm going to buy it, _________. A) however much it costs B) however does it costs much C) how much does it cost D) no matter how it costs c) more than 的习惯用法:两词连起来用时表示“非常”“不仅仅” 的习惯用法 、 ;两词分开用时表示“与其…… 不如” 。 例:You mean much to me. You are more than a friend of mine.(你对我很重要。你不仅仅是我的朋友。 ) It is more a measure of desperation than as one calculated to achieve victory.(与其推测为"争取胜利",不 如说它是孤注一掷。 D) less than 的习惯用法表示“很不……” 的习惯用法表示“很不……” 。 例:The general manager is extremely busy recently, and he is obviously less than pleased to have visitors.(总 ( 经理最近非常繁忙,很显然他不高兴有来访者。 经理最近非常繁忙,很显然他不高兴有来访者。 ) E) hardly more than 例:The little man was _____ one metre fifty high. A) almost more than B) hardly more than C) nearly more than D) as much as F) no more than 的习惯用法:合用时表示“只不过、至多、仅仅、就是” 的习惯用法: ;分开用时表示“和……一样、 正如……一样” 。 例:He always looks down upon others, but he himself is no more than nobody.(他总是瞧不起别人,但 其实他自己只不过是个庸人而已。 ) G) no less than 的习惯用法:合用时表示“至少、多达” 分开用时表示“和……一样、正如……一样” 的习惯用法:合用时表示“至少、多达” ; (= no more……than) 。 例:The output of this year will be no less than 18 million tons.(今年的产量将多达一千八百万吨。 ) 代词( 第三讲 代词(一)代词分为人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、疑问代词、关系代词、连接代词和不定代词 等。其中重点是: 1. 物主代词:本类代词又分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。 这两类代词用法的最大区别是: 形容词性物主代词具有形容词性质和作用,用于修饰名词;名词性物主代词具有名词性质和作用,本身 就可以做主语、表语或宾语。换句话说,形容词性物主代词后面必须加名词,而名词性物主代词后面不 得加名词。 例:I don't like my own bicycle, I like his.(我不喜欢我自己的自行车,我喜欢他的。 ) These are not his belongings, they are mine.(这些不是他的财物,是我的。 ) 2. 关系代词:who,whose,whom,which,that,as,等 注意: 注意:在以下情况中不能用 that: : g) 在非限制性定语从句中 例:She has two brothers, who are both doctors. (她有两个兄弟,他们都是医生。 ) h) 在介词后(但如果介词移到其它位置上,还是可以用 that) 例:I am going to visit the old man from whom I once learned English.(我要去拜访一位曾经教过我英语 的老人。 ) 3) as 的用法 as 用做关系代词时,类似 who, which,常和 such, same 连用,并在固定句型中出现。 例:He was an Englishman, as I knew from his accent.(他是个英国人,这是我从他的口音中得知的。 ) My hometown is no longer the same as it was.(我的家乡和过去不一样了。 代词( 代词(二) 3. 不定代词 不定代词:在这里,我们只谈论几个重要的不定代词用法。 1) any,all, every, each 都可以译成“每个人,人人,大家”,both 的意思是“两者都”,但它们的 具体异同点为: A) all 强调整体,every 强调每个人,each 强调每个人各自。 强调整体, 例:All ______ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life. A) what is needed B) for our needs C) the thing needed D) that is needed B) all 和 every 都适用于三者及三者以上的情况,前面都可以加否定词(如:not, nearly, by no means 等)。 而 each 可指包括两者在内的情况(即,要指两者中每个人的话,只能用 each)。all 和 each 都可以加 of 加名词,但 every 后面不能接 of。 例:The residents, _________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. A) all their homes B) all whose homes C) all of whose homes D) all of their homes C) any 表示“任一的、任何的” 表示“任一的、任何的” 例:The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _____ chemist's. A) each B) some C) certain D) any 2.other, another,any other,the other 的用法 的用法: , , A) other 表示“另外”,而 another 表示“另外一个”,等于 an other。两者都可以做主语、定语和宾 语。another 只表示单数泛指的意思,而 other 有复数形式;特指时在其前加定冠词;前面可加任何限定词 以及数量词。 B) other 用于两者(或双方)的情况下,another 用于三者情况下。 例:He has more concern for others than for himself.(他关心他人比关心自己更重) 例:No agreement was reached in the discussion as neither side would give way to _______. A) the other B) any other C) another D) other 例:We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so let's have _____ one this month. A) another B) more C) the other D) other 3. none,neither 的用法 , 例:I have two boys but _______ of them likes sweets. A) both B) neither C) either D) none 4. anything, nothing, something 例:Frankly speaking, I'd rather you _____ anything about it for the time being. A) didn't do B) haven't done C) don't do D) have done 1) nothing but(通常指物)与 none but(通常指人): ):只不过,只有 (通常指物) (通常指人): 例:Don't worry about that too much. It is nothing but a quiz.(不要太焦虑,这只不过是一次小测验。) 例:When he arrived, he found ________ the aged and the sick at home. A) none but B) none other than C) nothing but D) no other than 2) anything but:并不,根本不 :并不, 例:He was anything but a fool.(他根本不是个傻瓜。) 5. much 和 many 作代词的用法 例:As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had _______ to ask my boss. A) many B) most C) more D) much 6. few,a few 和 little,a little 都可修饰名词,也可直接用作名词。 都可修饰名词,也可直接用作名词。 , , 1) 当名词用时,few 和 a few 为可数名词,而 little 和 a little 为不可数名词。 2) few 后接可数名词,little 后接不可数名词。 3) few 和 little 都是否定意思,与 no 意义相近,表示“几乎没有,没有,极少(少得近乎没有)” 的意思。 4) a few 和 a little 都是肯定意思,表示“有一些”。 例:19Even those who had _______ or no training in science might not have made their inventions if a groundwork had not been laid by scientists years before. A) little B) much C) some D) any 等,以保证语气通顺自然。 例:I was advised to arrange for insurance ________ I needed medical treatment. A) nevertheless B) although C) in case D) so that 6. 结果状语从句 由 so that, so…that, such…that 等引导。 注意:so…that 与 such…that 的区别在于:前者的省略号处是形容词或副词,而后者的省略号处最终 是一个名词。“最终”的意思是,该名词前也可以出现形容词甚至出现修饰形容词的副词,但整个词组 的中心词是这个名词。 7. 让步状语从句 由 though, although, even if, even though, however, no matter how/ what/ who 等引导。注意对让步状语 从句的掌握要注意以下几点内容。 1) 使用 though, although 时,务必避免与 but 连用。 2) even if, even though 和 as if, as though 不同。后者常常要求使用虚拟语气。 例:I've already told you that I'm going to buy it, _________. A) however much it costs B) however does it costs much C) how much does it cost D) no matter how it costs 8. 比较状语从句 比较状语从句 由 than, the…the…, as…as 引导。 例:They usually have less money at the end of the month than ________ at the beginning. A) which is B) which was C) they have D) it is 比较状语从句中,than 后可以直接跟谓语动词。这类从句一般用来表示程度或范围。 例:In the course of a day, students do far more than just _________ classes. A) attend B) attended C) to attend D) attending 9. 方式状语从句 由 in the same way, as 等引导。 例:Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50 percent of patients do not take drugs _____ directed. A) like B) so C) which D) as 河北省专科接本科教育考试 英语试题( 英语试题(一) (考试时间:90 分钟) (总分:120 分) Part I Phonetics (10 points) Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 1.A. head B. horizon C. honour D. human 2.A. city B. bicycle C. face D. climb 3.A. think B. these C. breathe D. with B. country C. thousand D. found 4.A. ground 5.A. pour B. hour C. course D. four 6.A. both B. post C. cold D. son 7.A. altogether B. talk C. always D. also 8.A. suggestion 9.A. started 10.A. rare B. nation B. closed B. fare C. dictation C. waited C. scare D. satisfaction D. needed D. are Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30 points) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 11. _______ idea of _______ sounds much better than Clare’s. A. The, hers B. That, her C. That, hers D. One, her 12. China is famous ________ the Great Wall. A. about B. for C. as D. of 13. Our school ________ new facilities. A. is equipped with B. equips with C. will be equip with D. has equip with 14. I made this myself but it was _______ who taught me. A. he B. him C. himself D. by him 15. He had his bicycle _______ yesterday. A. repair B. repairing C. repaired D. be repaired 16. It was a ________ room, with beautiful wall paper, waxed floor and nice furniture. A. pleased B. pleasant C. pleasing D. preasant 17. He regretted _______the decision too hastily. A. make B. to make C. making D. have maked 18. The professor insisted that we _______ our homework before next month. A. handed in B. will hand in C. hand in D. must hand in 19. It ______ me of the country which we visited last summer. A. remembers B. recalls C. reminds D. tells 20. He _______ smoking at last. A. gave up B. gave out C. gave in D. gave off 21. John was _______ he lay down for an hour before dinner. A. so tired as B. so tired that C. too tired that D. too tired so 22. Your answer is different ________ the teacher’s. A. to B. at C. from D. with 23. It would be _______ a risk to leave the baby alone. A. running B. passing C. carrying D. obeying 24. The fact _______ his health is bad is not true. A. which B. that C. as D. what 25. These ______ did unusually well in the contest, so the judges didn’t know whom to give prize to. A. woman singers B. women singers C. women singerD. womans singers 26. Man must stop _______ the earth’s atmosphere. A. filling B. wasting C. polluting D. blackening 27. We can’t _______ another 100 kilometers any more. A. have B. turn C. make D. reach 28. Is Mary ______ to join in us? A. supposed B. exposed C. supported D. indicated 29. I want to be told all _______. A. which happen B. which happened C. that had happened D. that had been happened 30. We’ve all heard of Thomas Edison, _______ who invented the electric light and many other things. A. man B. a man C. the man D. men 31. Don’t tell me such things _______ you are not certain. A. that B. which C. those D. as 32. _______ a microscope we can see different kinds of things that are unable to be seen by our naked eyes. A. In terms of B. In place of C. By means of D. By far 33. Jackson went to work ______ his illness. A. besides B. even though C. in spite of D. although 34. Anybody will do, _______ he is responsible for that. A. as far as B. so far as C. as long as D. as soon as 35. I suppose they have known about it, _______? A. am I B. am not I C. have they D. haven’t they 36. It ______ him ten years to write that novel. A. took B. spent C. cost D. costed 37. The students are looking forward to _______ their holidays in Japan. A. spend B. spending C. for spend D. spent 38. They all ______ mentioning that girl. A. avoided B. got away C. ran away D. escaped 39. Human beings should find a new _______ of energy. A. orient B. source C. origin D. souse 40. The couch is comfortable to _______. A. sit B. be sat C. sitted D. sit on Part III Identify Mistakes (20 points) Directions: In each of the following sentences, there are four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. You should read them carefully and identify the one that is incorrect and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 41. We have been thinking of getting someone to help in the work, but haven’t A B succeeded to find a suitable person. C D 42. If children were fed nourishing breakfasts before they left for school, there A B C would be less problems in the early morning classes. D 43. He locked up his money lest it was to be stolen. A B C D 44. The house that was used to stand at this comer was destroyed during the A B C bombing in 1940. D 45. On most American farms, one or two principal products is raised for a cash crop. A B C D 46. Sally and her sister both saw the play, but she was disappointed in it. A B C D 47. A few years ago, traveling through Italy, the idea for a history of Florentine A B architecture occurred to him. C D 48. I don’t feel like to going; I’m not accustomed to go out after dark. A B C D 49. Not too many years ago, it was an excited experience to travel 25 or 50 A B C miles from here. D 50. I heard the word “suffer” repeating several times in a strange voice. A B C D Part IV Reading Comprehension (40 points) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. you should decide the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One All the housewives who went to the new supermarket had one great ambition: to be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the notice just inside the entrance promised. It said: “Remember, once a week, one of our customers gets free goods. This May Be Your Lucky Day!” For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hoping. The cupboards in kitchen were full of things which she did not need. Her husband tried to advise her against buying things but failed. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say: “Madam, this is Your Lucky Day. Everything in your basket is free.” One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy any tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash-desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. “Madam,” he said, holding out his hand, “I want to congratulate you! You are our lucky customer and everything you have in your basket is free!” 51. The housewives learnt about the of free goods _______. A. on TV B. from the manager C. at the supermarket D. from the newspaper 52. Mrs. Edwards ________. A. is always very lucky B. had no friends C. hoped to get free shopping D. gets disappointed easily 53. Mrs. Edwards’s husband tried to ________. A. make her unhappy B. cheer her up C. buy things with her D. stop her buying things 54. Mrs. Edwards went back to the supermarket quickly because she had to _______. A. buy another thing B. talk to the manager C. pay for her shopping D. find her shopping 55. Mrs. Edwards must have been ________. A. pleased B. delighted C. proud D. disappointed Passage Two Deep inside a mountain near Sweetwater in East. Tennessee is a body of water known as the Lost Sea. It is listed by the Guinness Book of Would Records as the world’s largest underground lake. The Lost Sea is part of an extensive and historic cave system called Craighead Caverns. The caverns have been known and used since the days of the Cherokee Indian nation. The cave expands into a series of huge rooms from a small opening on the side of the mountain. Approximately one mile from the entrance, in a room called “The Council Room,” many Indian artisfacts have been found. Some of the items discovered include pottery, arrowheads, weapons, and jewelry. For many years there were persistent rumors of a large underground lake somewhere in a cave, but it was not discovered until 1905. In that year, a thirteen-year-old boy named Ben Sands crawled through a small opening three hundred feet underground. He found himself in a large cave half filled with water. Today tourists visit the Lost Sea and ride far out onto it in glass-bottomed boats powered by electric motors. More than thirteen acres of water have been mapped out so far and still no end to the lake has been found. Even though teams of divers have tried to explore the Lost Sea, the full extent of it is still unknown. 56. The Lost Sea is unique because it is ________. A. part of a historical cave system B. the biggest underground lake in the world C. listed in the Guinness Book of World Records D. the largest body of water in Tennessee 57. The Craighead Caverns have been known ________. A. through history B. since the time of the Indian nations C. since 1905 D. since divers explored them 58. Who located the Lost Sea in recent times? A. The Cherokee Indians. B. Tourists. C. Ben Sands. D. Scientists. 59. What was found in “The Council Room”? A. A small natural opening. B. A large cave. C. Another series of rooms. D. Many old Indian objects. 60. It can be inferred from the passage that the Craighead Caverns presently serve as ____. A. an underground testing site B. an Indian meeting ground C. a tourist attraction D. a motor boat race course Passage Three Generations of Americans have been brought up to believe that a good breakfast is one life’s essentials. Eating breakfast at the start of the day, we have all been told, and told again, is as necessary as putting gasoline in the family car before starting a trip. But for many people the thought of food first thing in the morning is by no means a pleasure. So despite all the efforts, they still take no breakfast. Between 1977 and 1983, the latest year for which figures are available, the number of people who didn’t have breakfast, increased by 33 percent. For those who feel pain of guilt about not eating breakfast, however, there is some good news. Several studies in the last few years indicate that, for adults especially, there may be nothing wrong with omitting breakfast. “Going without breakfast does not affect performance,” said Arrold E. Bender, former professor of the nutrition at Queen Elizabeth College in London, “nor does giving people breakfast improve performance.” Scientific evidence linking breakfast to better health or better performance is surprisingly inadequate, and most of the recent work involves children, not adults, “The literature”, says one researcher, Dr. Erresto at the University of Texas, “is poor”. 61. The latest year for which figures could be obtained is _______. A. the year the author wrote the article B. 1977 C. any year between 1997 and 1983 D. 1983 62. For those who do not take breakfast, the good news is that _______. A. several studies have been done in the past few years B. the omission of breakfast does no harm to one’s health C. adults have especially made studies in this field D. eating little in the morning is good for health 63. “…nor does giving people breakfast improve performance” means ______. A. anyone without breakfast does improve his performance B. not giving people breakfast improve performance C. having breakfast does not improve performance, either D. people having breakfast do improve their performance 64. The word “literature” in the last sentence refers to _______. A. stories, poems, plays, etc. B. written works on a particular subject C. any printed material D. the modern literature of America 65. What is implied but NOT stated by the author is that _______. A. breakfast does not affect performance B. Dr. Erresto is engaged in research work at an institution of higher learning C. not eating breakfast might affect the health of children D. Professor Bender once taught college courses in nutrition in London Passage Four About 35% of all high school graduates in America continue their education in an institution of higher learning. The word college is used to refer to either a college or a university. These institutions offer four-year programs that lead to a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor Science (B.S.) degree. Some students attend a junior college (providing only a two-year program) for one to two years before entering a four-year college as a sophomore (二年级生) or junior (三年级生). It is generally easier to be accepted at a state university than at a private one. Most private schools require strict entrance examinations and a high grade point average (GPA), as well as specific college prep classes in high school. Private schools cost considerably more than state colleges and famous private schools are very expensive. Poorer students can sometimes attend, however, by earning scholarships. Some college graduates go on to earn advanced masters or doctoral degrees in grad (graduate) school. Occupations in certain fields such as law or medicine require such advanced studies. Since college costs are very high, most students work at part-time jobs. Some have full-time jobs and go to school part-time. Often some will take five or more years to complete a four-year program because of money / job demands on their time. While the college and work demands take up the great part of a student’s time, most still enjoy social activities. Sports, dances, clubs, movies, and plays are all very popular. However, gathering together for long, philosophical talks at a favorite meeting place on or near the university is probably the most popular activity. 66. College education is _______ in America. A. quite common B. very rare C. something difficult D. almost impossible 67. Which of the following is NOT required for entering most private schools. A. entrance examinations B. taking part in many activities C. GPA D. college prep classes 68. How can poor students attend private schools? A. Only by working at part-time jobs. B. Only by working at full-time jobs. C. Only by earning scholarships. D. All of above. 69. The American college students like to _______ most of all. A. discuss problems on philosophy B. play balls C. earn enough money D. go to the cinemas or theatres 70. The best title for this passage is _______. A. Part-time jobs B. American college C. Popular activity D. A new system Part V Cloze (20 points) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D below the passage. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. One of the most important features that distinguishes reading from listening is the nature of the audience. ?___71___? the writer often does not know who will read what he writes, he must ?___72___? to be as clear as possible. Time can be taken to plan the piece of writing so that it is eventually organized into some sort of ?___73___? sequence of events or ideas. When we speak, however, we normally have very ?___74___? time to plan what we intend to say. ?___75 ___?, we may begin speaking before we ?___76___? what to say. Our thoughts then tumble out in ?___77___? a logical sequence. Since we are actually ?___78___? our audience face to face we may omit some of the information we believe our audience shares.?___79___? the more familiar we are with out audience, the more information we are likely to leave out. In any ?___80___? they can always stop and ask a question or ask for clarification if we have left out too much. A reader, however, cannot do ?___81___? but can at least attempt comprehension at his own speed;?___82___?, he can stop and go backwards or forwards,?___83___? to a dictionary or just stop and rest. When we listen we may have to work hard to sort out the speaker’s ?___84___? by referring backwards and forwards while the speaker continues. As the speaker struggles to organize his thoughts, he will use filler phrases to give him time to plan.?___85___? these fillers, he will still make mistakes and repeat what he has already said. His speech will be characterized ?___86___? a limited range of grammatical patterns and vocabulary and the use of idioms to ?___87___? some general meaning quickly. It should be clear, then, that the listener has to take an active ?___88___? in the process by ignoring the speaker’s repetitions and mistakes, and by seeking out the main idea information through recall and prediction. To keep the process going ?___89___ he also has to inform the speaker that he has understood ?___90___? actually interrupting.? 71. A) However B) Since C) Although D) Unless 72. A) attempt B) intend C) pretend D) expect? 73. A) lawful B) historical C) natural D)logical? 74. A) few B) much ? C) little D)enough ? 75. A) Then B) Indeed ? C) Alternatively D) Soon? B) will decide ? C) decided D) will have decided? 76. A) have decided 77. A) nothing but B) nothing like ?C) anything but D) anything like? 78. A) appealing B) advertising ? C) convincing D) addressing? 79. A) And B) But ? C) Thus D)Nevertheless ? 80. A) 81. A) 82. A) 83. A) 84. A) 85. A) 86. A) 87. A) 88. A) 89. A) 90. A) case B) state ? C) condition such B) much ? C) this in general B) in conclusion C) on the contrary yield B) prefer ? C) adapt thoughts B) consideration C) concepts In stead of B) In spite of ? C) Because of at B) on ? C) by transmit B) convey ? C) negotiate role B) duty ? C) part regularly B) fluently ? C) peacefully without B) except ? C) despite D)affair ? D)itself ? D) that is to say? D) refer ? D) speculation? D) In view of? D) with ? D) conduct ? D) function? D) smoothly? D) regarding Part VI Writing (30 points) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 15 minutes to write a composition on the topic What Do You Think of Challenge. You should write no less than 100 words, and base your composition on the situation given in Chinese below. Remember you to write it on the Answer Sheet II. 1.挑战的意义? 2.如何迎接挑战? 3.我的看法 作文注意事项: 1、答写作文最好用黑水笔,尽量不要用圆珠笔和钢笔。 2、作文卷子一定要整洁,干净,字迹漂亮。 3、如写错单词,应在其上轻轻划上一道,切忌涂改。 4、如遇生词则尽量在阅读理解中寻找答案。 5、句子结构和自己想用的句子可在阅读理解中寻找 6、还有更多的答题技巧请在意通辅导中寻找。 河北汇文学校总结发放给各个讲座学员 英语模拟试题注:红色标记为正确答案 1.With regarding to this model of color TV sets,the home-made ones are by no means_____ those m ade in Japan. A.less inferior to C.Inferior than B.less inferior than D.inferior to 2.Don’t put off till tomorrow____you can do today A.that C.when B.what D.whethe 3.The three boys were given work according to their______abilities. A.respectful C. respective B.respectable D. responsible 4.It is____for her to wear a formal suit at the homely little party. A.out ot order C.out of place B. outof question D.out of practice 5.The electnc shaver needs____ before it can be used. A.repairing C.being repaired B.to repair D.to be repairing 6.John Is the only one of the students who_____to France. A.has been C.had been 7.It is____he is determined. A.buying a new car that C.to buy a new car what B. to buy a new car that D.buying a new car which B. have been D. has being 8.After a whole day’s heavy work,the old worker returned home,_____. A. hungry and felt exhausting B.hunger and exhausted C.hungry and exhausted D.hungry and having been exhausted 9. The last half of the nineteenth century_____ the steady improvement in the means of travel. A.has witnessed C.witnessed B.was witnessed D.is witnessed 10. She____ in the feet on her way home from work. A.was huring C.hurts B.is hurt D.got hurt 11. Without computers,we____ the tremendous medical advancement in the last few decades. A.would not make C.could not make B.will not have made D. couldn’t have made 12.Maggle ran back to the kichen,eggs_____ carefully in her hands. A.to be held C.were held 13.Even if it_____ this afemoon,I will go B.held D.holding there. B.will rain D.Will have rained one. A.has rained C.rains 14.The tree,the branches_____are almost bare,is a very old A.whose C.of which B.in which D.which 15.It is the director, and not the members of the board,_____the most. A.who worry C.to whom worry B.whom worry D.who worries 16.We find such shrubs____ will best stand up to(抵御)hard weather. A.which C.what B.as D.who 17. Mrs. Douglas unknowingly left a package____on the shop counter. A.laying C.laid 18.____that called this morning? A.Who was C.Who was him B.Who it was D.Who was it B.to lie D.lying 19.Earthworms occur_____adequate moisture and food and the necessary soil conditions are found. A.and C.however B.whenever D.wherever inevit 20. None of the soldiers was allowed to open fire unless heavy loss was shown to be___ able. A.nonetheless C.hence B.otherwise D.therefore 21.On the giant plane there are___ the jet needs. A.twice engines than C.as twice many engines as 22.when we have difficulty B.twice as engines as D.twice as many engines s desired objects or reaching desired goals we experience negative en otions such such as grief and anger. A.at obtaining C.on obtaining B.In obtaining D.with obtaining “far”an 23.The name Of television comes from the Greek word tele and the Latin word videre,_ d “to see”,respectively A.meaning C.are meant B.meant D.have the meaning of 24.By lip reading or watching the movements of the speaker s lips, deaf person can actually see a the person at the other telephone is saying. A.that C.what 25.If he had listened to me,he A.might arrive C.might be arriving 26.By the time she is 50 years old,she A.would have been C.will have been 27.The girl won’t have her lunch before she A.will finish C.had finished B.how D.where earlier. B.had arreved D.might have arrived an inmate of the prison for over half of her life. B.will be D.would be her homework. B.finishes D.finished 28.The issue A.discussed at the conference is very important and it will create a sensation nationwide. B. being discussed D. has been discussed wins the election Is going to have C.is being discussed 29.Undoubtedly, a tough job getting the economy back on its feet. A.anyone C.whoever B.who D.everyone out lf service 30.If they had sent a check to the telephone company last week,their telephone at this moment. A.will not be C.would not be B.will not have been D.would not have been 31.Millions of Americans flock to their drugstore to buy vitamins and minerals,______ that these pill s can help to pfCvent senous illnesses. A.convincing B.convinced C.to convince D.to be convinced 32.We were heartedly arguing about the financial matter,the telephone rang unexpectedly. A.while C.when 33.They lost their Way in the forest,and A.that C.what B.as D.as soon as made matters worse was night began to fall. B.it D.Which 34.Were it not for their support and help,we able to finish the task ahead of time. A.were not C.are not 35. B.should not have been D.would not be ,follow the directions on the bottle carefully. B.When drugs e taken D.When taking drugs A.When taken drugs C. When one takes drugs 注:红色标记为正确答案 Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage: When we conduct foreign trade,the importawnce of understanding the language of acountry cann ot be underestimated.The successful marketer must achieve exportcommuncation which requires a thor ough understanding of the language as wellas the ability to speak it.Those who deal with advertising should be concernd lesswith obvious diffiderences between languages and more with the exact meanin gs expressed. A dictionary translation is not the same as an idiomatic interpretation,and seldom will the diction ary tanslation meet the needs.A nation pfoducer of soft drinks had the company’s brand name impressed erdrd in Chinese characters winch were phoneucally(按照发音地)accurate.It wasdiscov with wax, ” later, however, that the translation’s literal meaning was“female horse fattened hadly the image the company sought to describe. carelessly translated advertising statements not So only lose their intended meaning but can suggest somthing very different including something offensi ve or ridiculous.Sometimes,wnat was translated was not an image the companies had in mind for t heir Products.Many people believe that to fully appreciate the true meaning of a language it is neces saryto live with the language for years.Whether or not is the case,foreign marketers should never take it for granted that they are affectively communicating in another languag. 11.Which of the following is the best topic for the passage? A.Idiomatic Meamngs of Languages. B.Language Problems in Foreign Trade. C。Translation Failures in Foreign Trade. D.Culture Difference between Languages. 12.To an advertiser,which one should they pay more attention to? A.Understanding of a language. B.Ability to speak a language. C. Obvious difference between languages. D.The different idiomatic expressions between languages. 13.What is the main idea of the second paragraph? A.Best translation should be the intent of the original statement. B.A dictionary translation may not convey the true meamng of an idiom. C.A dictionary will meet the needs. D.Both Aand C. 14.In terms of communication in another language,marketers should not be too_____. A.proud C.self-confident B.modest D.happy 15.The first sentence “…,the importance of undersanding the langUage of a country cannot be und erestimated.” Most probaly means_____. A.Understanding of the language of a country is extremely important. B.Und Cf 孤 mding of the language of a country is less important. C.Not enough importance is attached to the understanding of the language of a country. D.Enough importance is attached to the understan Question 16-20 are based on following passag e: The Xinhua bookstore chain, China’s largest offcial publishing enterprise, has become a surprising flash point for intest among foreign venture capital investors. “we are actively promoting the process of shareholding reform.Everyday,we receive lots of offers from domestic and freign investors interested in getting involved and may pick one or two to do so in the next two to three months, ”Zhang Yashan,the leading cadre of the head store’s office Said. According to a company insider who requested anonymity,several securities firms are overseeing Xinhua bookstor’s reform and the company could list on the domestic stock market once reforms are reported to the government in May and then completed. The source would not reveal the specific names of the firms involved or details of the reform. “We will stipulate that we must remain the majority shareholder,but we will welcome and kinds of investment,including foreign capital,to establish a shareholding enterprise.we hope the No.2 shareholder will be a foreign enterprise, ”the source said. In keeping with its World Trade Organization entry promises,China must allow foreign investment in domestic publication retailers by the end of this year. 16.Which is NOT the right word used to describe Xinhua bookstore? A.Laygest. B.Offcial. C.Private. D.Prokperous. 17.What does the word”domestic” in Para.2? A.Energetic. C.Alien. B.Excited. D. Native. 18.What can we infer from ZhangYashan’s Statement in Para.2? A.We often receive many offers form investors. B.We wi11 soon accept one or two offers in the next sixty days. C.Security firm are more interested in Xinhua bookstore than other firms. D.Foreign investment is welcomed by Chinese government. 19.What is the passage mainly about? A.The largest bookstore is going to accept foreign investment. B.Xinhua bookstore is going to have a shareholding reform. C.Xinhua bookstore must take action according to the situation. D.Xinhua bookstore has to keep its promise with WTO. 20.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.Xinhua bookstore’s reform will be revealed in detail. B.The reforms have been reported to tue government. C.Xinhua bookstore will soon accept foreign investment. D.The source said we didn’t have to remainthe majority shareholder Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage: A group of ll delegates from the Chinese university retuned home last week.They came in second place with 13 other university teams. The conference is the world’s largest university-level UN simulation.It is held each April, for a week,in New York,to give students a chance to debate international affairs.It is meant to mirr or the real-life business of the UN. Teams from more than 23 countries gathered this year to discuss and debate serious issues such as the AIDS epidemic and water shortages. Some UN senior staff members,u.S.professors,and former student participants formed the jud ge panel. The Chinese team applied to take pare in the event and was assigned to represent Japan this year,working on various committees and arguing Japan’s position on resolutions to problems like international migration. According to LI Xiaocong,the Chinese team leader,their efforts in finding approaches to resolut ions made them stand out.Li attributes their success to“solid training” . 21.What’s the purpose of the conference? A.To give students a chance to debate international affairs and to mirror the real-life business of the UN. B.To enlarge students’ fields of vision. C.To learn about other cultures. D.To learn about how to portray their own. 22.How many Chinese students are involved in the conference? A.17. C.11. B.23. D.13. 23.The Judge panel Includes the following EXCEPT_____. A.U.S.professors B.former student participants C.UN senior staff members D.UN professors 24.According to the Chinese team leader,what’sthe key to their success? A.Debate practice sessions. B.Solid traing. C.Research on Japanese. D.kowledge of parliamentare procedure and public speaking. 25.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the report. A.The Chinese team came out with one of the first prizes. B.There were 23 teams in this year’s UN simulation. C.There were a number of second place winners at the conference. D.The Chinese team stood out representing their country attheconference. Question 21-25 are based on the following passage: As people cotinue to grow and age,our body systems continue to change.At a certain point in your body systems will begin to weaken.Your joints may become stiff.It may become more difficul t for you to see and hear. The slow change of aging causes our bodies to lose some of their ablity to bounce back from disease and injury .In oder to live longer,we have always tried to slow or St op this process that leads us toward the end of our lives. Many factors contribute to your health.A well-balanced diet plays an important role. The amount and type of exercise you get is another factor.Your living environment and the amount of stress you are under is yet another.But scientists studying senescence(哀老)want to kn ow:Why do people grow old?They hope that by eXamining the aging process on a cellular level m edical science may be able to extend the length of life. 21.When people become aging,they will lose some of their ability to bounce back from disease and injury, “bounce back” here means____. A.to imProve in health after one’s disease and injury B.to recover from disease and injury C.to jump after recovering D.to run fast 22.In order to live longer,_____. A.we have to try to be on a diet B.We Should keep in high spirits C.we should try to do more exercise D.we should postpone the process of aging 23.Why are some scientists interested in studying senescence? A.They want to increase the general ability of our bodies. B.They may be able to find a better way to our life. C. If they can pin down the biochemical process that makes us age,there will be hope for extending the length of life. D.They want to find out If their is a link between how efficiently a cell could repair itself an d how long a creature lives. 24.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor contributing to one’s health? A.The right food you eat. B.Lots of exercise you get. C.Your living conditions. D.The amount of stress you are under. 25.This passage Is mainly concerned with_____. A.man’s aging process B.man’s life span C.man’s health D.man’s medical care Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage: Wall Street is the name of a street in New York and very famous in the whole world.It is the financial center of the USA,exefting a significant influence upon the world’s economy.Hetty Green,who was born In l835,was nicknamed the Wizard(奇才)of Wall Street.She became almost a legendarp figure in Wall Street,because she made a lot of money buying and selling shares in companies. Hetty Green began making money when her father died and she inhented all his money. By ivesting it wisely,she soon built up her fortune to over 100 million dollars.However, she hated spending money on herself on her family.Actually,she hated spending money On eVerythi ng except buying Shares.She Was so mean that When her son Edward broke his leg,she would not send for a doctor.She did not want to have to pay a doctor’s bill.She refused to send her son to a good hospital.Instead,she took the boy to a free charity hospital.There he did not get very good treatment and,to save his life,he had to have his leg cut off.Still his mother would not pay for proper hospital treatment.She sent for ita doctor who cut Off the boy’S 26.Wall Street is_____. A.the name of Chinatown in New York B. the nickname Of NeW YOrk C. the financial center of America D. the tounst center of USA 27.Hetty Green was nlchamed the Wizard of Wall Street because she_____. leg in her sitting room.It’s incredible, isn’t it? A.inhented a large sum of money B.made a large sum of fortune with shares C.built up a large company on shares D.was very queer and cruel 28.The underlined word “mean” in the second paragraph probably can be replaced by_____. A.vulgar C.wicket B.croSS D.ungenerous 29.When her son broke his leg,Hetty Green_____. A.sent him to a large hospital B.sent for a doctor C.didn’t pay the bill for the doctor D.tOOk him to a Charity hospital 30.which of the following is rue according to the passage? A.Hetty Green hated her son and refused to take him to a good hospital. B.Hetty liked to earn a lot of money so as to live a good life. C.Hetty Green preferred money to anthing else. D.Hetty Green died a poor old woman. Questions 16-20 are based on the following Passage: Regular child care provided outside home or by someone other than the mother does not In itself undermine healthy emotional connections between mothers and their 15-month-old Infants,according to a long-term national study.The finding holds even If care begins during the first 3 months after birth and runs for 30 hours or more per week. Among infants who receive unkind and unresponsive care from their mothers,however, the mother-child relationship may be damaged. “This research helps us put apart complexities regarding child care that have not previously been studied In detail, contends Jay Belsky,a ” Psychologist. The investigation consists of 1,153 children and their families living in or near Boston. The youngsters,no more than 1 month old when they entered the study in 1991,will be tracked until the age of 7.Experimenters administered questionnaires to mothers in their homes and videotaped baby caretakers interacting with the kids at ages 1,6,and 15 months. Independent observers rated the quality of each child care efforts and noted infant nervousness.Unlike most previous studies,this one allows researchers to observe each caretaker’s personality at child nursing,and kids’emotional reaction by the equipment. 16.From the first paragraph we know that. A.mother care is the best according to a national study B.child care outside home is the best in accordance with the study C.regular child care outside home may play a role as a mother D.connections between mothers and infants are damaged by outside care 17.Accooding to the passage,unresponslve care from a mother may. A、 ruin a kid’s growth B、 harm the month-child tie C.lnjure a baby’s emotional reaction D.spoil a child’s personalty 18.Jay Belsky implies that the study of child care. A.was never carried out in the past B.was not much done in detail in the past C.was greatly ignored by psychologists and researchers D.was interesting,but very difficult to make discovery 19.The main difference between the investigation and the previous ones is that. A.the researchers7C stared with only one month old infants B.the observers could rate the quality of child care effofts and analyzed them soon C.the researchers weft able to give the questionnaires to mothers in their homes D.video equipment enabled researchers to observe what was happening direct 20.Which of the following is not TRUE of the investigation? A.It Will last at least 7 years. B.Cooperation from the mothers is also necessary. C.some independent observers play a part. D.Researchers paid site visits tosecacaretaker’spersonalityandkids’emotional reaction. Question 21-25 are based on the following passage: Successful innovations have driven many Older technologies to extinction and have resulted in higher productivity,greater consumption of energy,increased demand for raw mateials,accelerated flow of materials through the economy and increased quantities of metals and other substances in use per person.The history of industrial development is fUll of examples. In l870,horses and mules were the prime source of power on U.S.farms.One horse or mule was required to support four human beings——a ratio that remained almost constant for many decad es.At that time,had a national commission been asked to forecast the horse and mule population fo r 1970,its answer probably would have depended on whether its consultants were of an economic tur n of mind.Had they been“economists” they would have recognized that the power of steam had alrea , dy been harnessed to industry and to land and ocean transport.They would have recognized further h at is would be only a matter of time before steam would be the prime source of power on the far m.It would have been difficult for them to avoid the conclusion that the horse and mule population would decline raPidly. 21. Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a consequence of new technological developments? A.Older techologies die away. B.The quality of life is imProved· C.Overall productivity increases· D.More raw materials become necessary. 22.It can be inferred from the passage that by 1870______. A.the steam engine had been invented B.a nationalcommission on agriculture had been established C.the U.S.horse population was about 10 million D.technology began to be more economical 23.which of the following statements would the author of the passage be most likely to agree? A.Technological development influences society’s future. B.Technological innovations a almost always successful. C.Technicians are more useful to society than economists. D.The economy is independent of technological transformation. 24.In the second paragraph,the author suggests that“economists’would_____. A.consult the national commission on the economy B.plan the economy through yearly forecasts C.consider the influence of technological innovation important D.value the economic contribution of farm animals 25.what is the author’s attitude toward changes brought on by technological 刊\ innovation? A.He is excited about them. B.He is disturbed by them. C.He questions their usefulness. D.He accepts them as natural. Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage: OffiCials kiCked Off the Olympic economy With a tWO-day promotion conference that opened on Sunday in Beliing. Economy here refers to both direct and indirect profits made by hosting the Games. The organizers included 16 municipal government deparments.The event attracted more than 800 delegates of enterprises,institutions,and academies. The big topic is how to make the best of the business potential of the Benjing’s Olympics. The organizers said there were 387 projects at the event that would need about 134 billion yuan—worth of investment· The business opportunities involve manufacturing,agriculture,education,health, tourism and environmental protection. This was the largest 01ympics business promotion in Beijing so far. Twenty-four companies on Monday signed up for 10 projects,worth 21.5 billion yuan in all. The most notewofthy one is the fourth subway line.The deal involves the Hong Kong MTRcorp,Beijing Infrastrure Investing Company,and Beijing Capital Group. 26.what does the phrase‘kick off”mean in Para.l? A Open. B、End. C.Start.D.Move. 27.What’s the big topic of the two-day promotion conference7 t.How to win golden medals as many as possible in the game. B.How to get investment. C、How to invest in the event. D.How to make the best of the business potential of Beijing’s Olympics Games. 28.Which of the following is NOT true? A.There are nearly 400 projects at the event. B.About 134 billion yuan is needed to be invested. C,The event took interest from almost 800 delegates of enterpnses,institutions and academies. D.The organizers includes 16 municipal government departments. 29.What does the writer say about the fouth subway line? A.Four firms are involved in it. B.It is one of the most important projects. C.Hong Kong MTR Corp.isn’t involved In It. D.Beijing capital Group wants to get involved in it. 30.What’s the best title for this report? A.There Effects of Olympic Game B.Business Opportunities Brought about with Olympic Games C.Financial Situations in Beijing D.Business Promotioll COnference in Beijing Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage: The next decade could see commuters speeding to work at about 300 miles per hour aboard magnetic levitation vehicles,according to a report by Argoanne National Laboratories. But before“ maglev” vehicles can become commercial successes,the report says,people nee d to stop thinking of them as high-speed trains.Instead,consider them low-flying aircraft.Argonme contends that maglev vehicles will be best suited to replace commuter aircraft.Plane flights under 600 miles are the least energy-efficient,and maglev‘”planes should cut these fuel needs by up to 75 percent.Reportedly,the money saved by a 2,000- mile maglev network linking major cities world more than pay for its construction in 20 years.The quiet purr of levitating crafts would also be a balm for neighborhoods tormented by the roar of conventional takeoffs and landings.The technology behind magnetic levltation is already well understood,the report notes.The west Germans and the Japanese already well understood,the report notes.The west Germans and the Japanese have several full-scale working models.Meanwhile,research in the United States has lapsed. 11.What is the best title for this passage? A.The Future of Transportation B.Argonne Develops Maglev Train C.T’he Disadvantages of Commuting by airplane D.Commuting in the Future 12。According to the passage,when could people start using a maglev commercially? A.In 5 years. C.In 20 years. B.In 10 years. D.In more than 20 vears· 13.Why could maglev train replace shoft-fight commuter aircraft? A.Maglev trains are faster. B.Maglev trains are cheaper. C.Maglev trairs are more fuel-efficient。 D.Maglev trains are safer. 14.Argonne believes that people should regard maglev transportation as______. A.safe,efficient high-speed trains B.the most exciting form of transportation for the future C.a kind of aircraft D.the most economical form of transportation 15.Which countries have probably spent the most money on maglev research? A.france and West Germany. B.JaPan nd West Germany. C.the United States and Japan. D.West Germany and the United States. Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage Nationalparties in the United Sates have generally Been weak in structure and wary of ideology.Many writers have said that American parties are the le ast centralized in the world.However,the argument that parties have not represented signficant differen ces in policy can be pushed too far.For example,in this century,at least,the Republicans have be en more committed than the Democrats to a market oriented economy,while the Democrats have bee n more prepared to use goverment to address economic problems.In general the Republicans have been the more conservative and the Democrats the more liberal. Both parties,however,have resisted reducing these tendencies in their social,economic,and mor al belief systems to a rigid ideology.And neither,until recently,vested much authority in its nationa l party structure. At state and local levels,on the other hand party orgamzations often achieved impressive leve ls of solidarity and internal discipline.Both Democrats and Republicans maintained potent local po litical organizations in many cities and states. 26.What does the sentence“ However,the argument that parties have not represented significant diffe rences in policy can be pushed too far. Sentence 3,Paragraph 1)mean? ( ” A.There is not much significant differences in policy between the two parties. B. There do exist significant differences in policy between the two parties. C.National parties in the United States are weak in structure. D.American parties are the least centralized in the world. 27.The Republican Party_· A.is more interested in economic problems B.takes more intrest in a market economy C.is less intrested in economic problems D.takes less intrest in a market economy 28.The word “potent” in the last sentence most probably means. A.powerful.B.weak C.significant D.loose 29.which of the following statement is TRUE accoding to the passage? A.The Democrats is more committed to a market oriented economy. B.There has been wide discussions in the Republicans. C.Party organizations are not weak at all at state and local levels. D.None of the above. 30.What is the major topic of the passage? A.Americans parties B.The Democrats and the Republicans. C.The strengthening Federal Government. D.The independent Americans. Questions 16-20 are based on the following passage: Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting behavior.Viewed biologically,the m odem foot-baller is in reality a member of a hunting group.His killing weapon has turned into a h armless football and his prey(猎物)into a goalmouth.If his aim is accurate and he scores a goal, he elljoys the hunter’s triumph of killing his prey. To understand how this transformation has taken place we must briefly look back at our forefath ers.They spent over a million years evolving as cooperative hunters.Their very survival depended o n success in the hunting-field.Under this pressure their whole way of life,even their bodies,beca me greatly changed.They became chasers,runners,jumpers,aimers,throwers and prey-killers.They cooperated as skillful male-group attackers. Then about ten thousand years ago,after this immensely long period of hunting their food,they became farmers.Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life,was put to a new use— —that of controlling and domesticating their prey.The hunt became suddenly out of date.The food was their on the farms,awaiting their needs.The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival. 16.The author believes that sporting activities___ A.areforms of bilological development B.have actual developed from hunting C.essential forms oftaming the prey D.have changed the ways of hunting 17.In a football game what is equal to the prey in hunting is___ A.any member of the opposing team B.the goal keeper C.the goal-mouth D.the football 18.For over a million years,our forefathers were basicall 一 A.successful famers B.co-operating hunters C.runners and jumpers D.skillful sportsmen 19.When did hnuting for animals become out of date for our forefathers? A、About a million years ago, B.About 10,000 years ago. C.Several thousand years ago. D.The answer is not given. 20.which of the following best summarizes the main idea of the passase? A.It is farming that gives human beings enough leisure time for sporting activities· B.Farming is very important in human civilization because it saves human beings from risks and unc ertainties of hunting for survival C.It is hunting that provides human beings with much simpler ways of obtaining meaty meals D.Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern man to exercise hunting skills which his foref athers developed for survival. Questions 26-30 are based on the following Passage: Cultural differences in business entertaining include issues such as whom one entertains and wher e,and how one entertains.In countries in which status is important,it is not advisable to,invite peopl e of different statuses to the same dinner party .Americans will often invite people to their homes.W hereas in some societies the home is considered too private.Unworthy,or embarrassingly small to serv e as an approprivate fotum for business entertaining.In some countries there is a”help yourself” appr oach to entertaining done in the home.This approach does not work well when entertaining people w hose culture teaches them to wait to be asked three times before accepting an offer of food.In one in stance,a Chinese guest went an entire evening without eating though he was quite hungry because he was too embrassed to take food after only being asked to do so once.In another case,an America n woman executive was being entertained at tea in London.After having the tea served, American the woman helped herself to cream and sugar rather than waiting to be served. The English womam was embarrassed by the implication that she was not serving quickly enough. 26. is no good inviting people of different social positions to the same party in the country where_ It _ A.people don’t pay any attention to your positions B.people care much about their statuses C.entertainment is important D.entertainment is not advisable 27.___is considered as unsuitable place for business entertaining in some societies. A.A hotel.B.An office C.Home D.A company 28.The Chinese guest is taken for an example to show__ A.that offering food should not be made too early B.a“help yourself” approach does work well in this case C、that accepting an offer of food should be made later D.a”help yourself”approach does not work well in some cases ‘ 29.The passage infers that American women like__ A.a“help yourself” approach B.waiting to be served C.a slow service D.cream and sugar all 30.what is the most appropriate title for this passage? A,Business Entertaining:One Way or Another B.Cultural Differences among Countries C. “Help Yourself”in Entertaining D.Forum for Business Entertaining Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage: Some psychologists maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain al one ,but that one’s muscles also partcipiate.It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewh at the same way that we listen to music with our bodies. You surely are surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears bu t with your hole body.Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving th eir body or more specifically ,some part of their body .Often when one listens to a symphonic concer t on the radio ,he is tempted to direct the orchestra even though he knows there is a competent cond uctor on the job. Strange as this behavior may be ,there is a very good reason for it.One cannot derive all possi ble enjoyment from music unless he participates,so to speak ,in its performance.The listener “feels” hi mself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body . The muscles of the body actually patricipate in the mental process of thinking in the same way ,but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable . 11.Some psychologists maintain that thinking is ____ A.not a mental process B.more of a physical pfocess than a mental action C.a process that involves our entire bodies D.a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain 12.Few people are able to listen to familiar music without____ A.moving some part of their body B.stopping what they are doing to listen C.directing the orchestra playing it D.wishing that they could conduct music properly 13.Body movements are necessary in order for the listener to____ A.hear the music B.appreciate the music C.enjoy the music fully D.completely understand the music 14.According to the selection,muscle participation in the process of thinking is____ A.deliberate B.obvious C.not readily apparent D.very pronounced 15.The best tite for this selection is____ A.An Ear for Music B.Music Appreciation C.How Muscles Participate in Mental Acts D.A Psychological Definition of theThe Thinking process Questions 16-20 are based on the following passage: During the summer session there will be a revised schedule of services for the university commu nity.Specific changes for intercampus bus services,summer hours for the cafeteria, the infirmary(校医院)and recreational and athletic facilities will be posted on the bulletin board out side of the cafeteria.Weekly movie and concert schedules which are in the process of being arrangd will be posted each Wednesday outside of the cafeteria. Intercampus buses will leave the main hall every hour on the half hour and make all of the regu lar stops on their route around campus.The cafeteria will serve breakfast,lunch,and early dinner fr om 7 a.m.to 7p.m.during the week and from noon to 7p.m.on weekends.The librar will maintai n regular hours during the week,but shorter hours on Saturdays and Sundays.The weekend hours ar e from noon to 7p.m. All students who want to use the library borrowing services and recreational athletic,and entertai nment facilities must have a valid summer identification card.This announcement will also appear in the next issue of the student newspaper. 16.Which of the following is the main purpose of this announcement? A.To tell campus personnel of the new library services. B.To announce the new movies on campus this summer. C.To notify university people of important schedule changes. D.To remind the students to validate their identification card. 17.Specific schedule revisions for which of the following facilities are listed in this announcement? A.Athletic and recretional. B.Food and transportation. C.Bookstore and post office. D.Medical and audio-visual. 18.Times for movies and concerts are not listed in this announcement because__ A.film or concert occurs every Wednesday at 7p.m. B.the full list would be too long C.films and concerts cannot be announced publicly D.the full list is not ready yet 19.Accoding to the announcement which of the following is true of special summer hours for the li brary? A.It has them only on the weekends. B.It has them both weekdays and weekends. C.It has no special summer hours. D.The information is not available. 20.According to the announcement,a validated identification card is required to___ A.ride on intercampus buses B.read announcements in the cafeteria C.make use of the infirmary D.check books out of the library Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage: The nationwide EU-China Training Project for Clerical Staff recently started in Beijing followi ng the launch of a piloting program in Wuhan ,Hubei Province. The project is designed to improve the competitiveness of Sino_Eu joint ventures before China enters the WTO .Any enterprise in any region will be able to discuss training requests with foreign e xperts and jointly devise training programs .Helped by European and Chinese experts the project will not only train clerial staff ,but also benefit the Chinese education system by employing the latest Eur opean training methods.Most of project ‘s services will be free. The piloting program in Wuhan,funded with 15 million euros from the EU Commission and Hu bei Province,will improve staff in Sino-EU joint ventures over the next five years.Another 40 pr ojects will go in other provinces and in different companies. 26.Which of the following is ture according to the passage? A.The nationwide training started after some preparation B.The training project was carried outonly in Beijing C.The training project started in Beijing and Wuhan at the same time D.The project was specially planned for some provinces and regions in China. 27.The purpose of the project is____ A.to make Chinese companies more competitive Bto improve the competitiveness of European companies in China C.to improve Sino-EU friendship D.to make Sino-EU joint ventures more competitive 28.The project will benefit the Chinese education system because ___ A.it will bring a lot of business experience to China B.it will greatly improve the financial situation of Chinese education C.new techniques in teaching will be introduced to China D.Chinese teachers will be trained and become better qualified in the program 29.The piloting program in Wuhan was financially supported by___ A. China Central government B. The local government in Hubei province C. Both the Central government and Hubei province D. Both Hubei province and EU Commission 30.Which of the following CAN’T be learned in the report? A.Both China and Europe are preparing for more competition after China enters the WTO B.More Sino-EU ventures will benefit from the training program in the future C.The training project will bring much profit due to the services it provided D.Experts in the program are from Europe as well as China. ovided. Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage: Communication is the sending of information or news from one person to another.If human bei ngs could not communicate with one another,each person would have to learn everything for himself. Although animals as well as men can communicate,so far as we know,they can express only the sim ple emotions like pain,joy,fear,hunger,anger and love.Some animals have a more advanced for m of language using sounds,and others use a wide range of sounds and face movements,but we sti ll have much to learn about these animal languages. Speech is the most important means of communication between people.But it is not the only on e.Nor is it the oldest.We use facial expressions,gestures and hand movements to express our feeli ngs and to send signals to other people.Animals use this“body language”a great deal.The sign lang uage used by deaf people is an example of communication without speech, while blind people commu nicate largely through touch and hearing. 11.According to the passage,what would happen to us without communication? A.We should learn everything for ourselves. B.We would become unable to speak. C.We couldn’t live happily。 D.We might have to do everything by ourselves. 12.What does the passage say about animals’ communication? A.They have their advanced language in form of sound B.They can express simple feelings such as hunger and pain. C,Some of them can communicate with people very well D.All of them can use sound to express themselves. 13.Which of the following statement is true? A.Humans do not have adequate knowledge about animal languages. B.We are now very much aware of animal languages. C.Most of animals use their facial expressions. D.All animals make sounds to communicate with each other. 14.What means of communication is used by most people? A.Facial expressions.B.Body movements. C.Speech D.Body movement and speech, 15.We can infer from the passage that the oldest form of communicati between people is___ A.speech C.sounds B.touch and hearing D.body language Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage: Promptness is important in American business,academic,and social settings.The importance of punctuality is taught to young children in school.Tardy slips and the use of bells signal to the chil d that punctuality and time itself are to be respected. People who keep appointments are considered dependable.If people are late to job interviews,appo intments,or classes,they are often viewed as unreliable and irresponsible.In the business world,”time is money”and companies may fine their executives for tardiness to business meeting.Of course,it is not a lways possible to be punctual.Social and business etiquette also provides for late arrivals.Calling on th e telephone if one is going to be more than a few minutes late for schedule appointments is consider ed polite and is often expected.Keeping a date of a friend waiting beyond ten to twenty minutes is a cceptable. 21.The best title for the passage is___ A.Punctuality B.Time C.Etiquette D.Culture 22.Children in America are taught to___ A.be on time when doing things B.respect their teachers C.take their time when doing things D.respect their time 23.If a person is late for business meeting,he may__ A.be fired B.be criticized by his boss C.be equired to apologize D.be made to pay 24.Social etiquette in the United States allows people to__ A.be a few minute late for interviews B.be up to a half-hour late for some parties C.keep a friend waiting for less than 30 minutes D.come a few minutes earlier to any appointment 25.“Time is money” here means__ A.time is very important in the business world B.time can bring you money C.if you hurry,you can get some money D.If you are late,you will lose money Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage: U.S.Direct marketers are taking advantage of the trends of the market and natural advantages which provide good opportunities in Japan.And the future looks promising,too.In particular,the appreciation of the yen,or what the Japanese refer to as endaka,has made many U.S.products mu ch more affordable and desirable to the Japanese consumer.Also, through direct marketing U. Scompanies can bypass the multitier distribution channels and provide the Japanese consumer with a product that is priced very competitively to the retail product.Another adva ntage is that the Japanese market consists of a very affluent society with a high percapita income.Di rect marketing allows the Japanese consumers to increase their leisure time by staying at home and s hopping.This is very important since leisure time is a very precious commodity in a society which t ypically has a long workweek.Japanese consumers also goods. 26.What is the passage mainly about? A.The reason why U.S.products are now welcomed in Japan. B.U.S.marketers want to expand their markets to Japan. C.The author gives a comparison between U.S.and Japanese products. D.With their high percapita,Japanese people can now afford U.S.products. 27.What does the word“appreciation mean? A.Evaluation. prefer the cachet(名牌)of such imported B.Enjoyment C.Gratitude D.Increase in value. 28.U.S.marketers are able to offer a fairly low price because___ A.they want to sell as much as possible in Japan B.direct marketing enables them to avoid the multitier distribution channels C.they prefer to keep the same price as it is in U.S. D.the cost of their products is low 29.What is the problem in Japanese market? A.More and more people are buying imported goods. B.They face the challenges from all imported goods. C.Long workhour hinders the expansion of traditional retail sales. D.High inflation prevents the markt from developing. 30.According to the author,Japanese people sometimes enjoy imported goods because____ A.they are doing the same and they want to keep up with the fashion B.usinglimported goods bring them a sense of prestige C.imported goods are better in quality and homemade ones D.they prefer the cachet

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