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2012年专接本英语模拟试卷(一)

[日期:2011-07-26]   来源:河北专接本考试网-2012河北专接本考试报名/成绩查询  作者:河北专接本考试网-2012河北专接本考试报名/成绩查询   阅读:472[字体: ]

英语模拟试卷(一)

(考试时间:90分钟)

(总分:120分)

I. Phonetics (5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1.A. machine B. headache C. chemistry D. character

2.B. piece B. receive C. relief D. scientist

3.A. months B. mouths C. paths D. clothes

4.A. machine B. attention C. major D. China

5.A.flood B. books C. other D. double

II. Situational Dialogue (10 points)

Section A

Directions: In this section there are 5 short dialogues. For each dialogue, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer by blackening the corresponding letter on your answer sheet.

6. ―Will you came to the party this weekend?

―________________.

A. With pleasure B. My pleasure

C. it's my pleasure D. A pleasure

7. ―She likes to watch TV plays, but she doesn't watch TV every day.

 ―_______.

A. So do I B. nor do I

  C. So I do D. So it is with me

8. ―What’s the name?

―Khulaifi. ______________?

A. Shall I spell that for you

B. Would I spell that for you

C. Can I spell that for you

D. Might I spell that for you

9. ―Could you do me a favor?

―__________________________.

A. It depends on which it is

B. It depends on whichever it is

C. It depends on what it is

D. It depends on whatever it is

10. ―_________________________.

―Thanks.

A. Your job will be kept open for your return.

B. Your job will keep open for your return.

C. Your job had kept open for your return.

D. Your job had been kept open for your return.

 

Section B

Directions: In this section there is a long conversation. At the end of the conversation, there are some choices. Choose the best answer from the following choices based on the conversation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. Note that there are two additional choices.

A: So you want to be a volunteer for our Save the Earth project.

B: 11 .

A: Can I ask you a few questions?

B: Certainly.

A: You are a first-year student at college. 12 .

B: I’m a major in Environment Protection. We do environment science, geography, and chemistry, etc.

A: Indeed. 13 .

B: I hope so.

A: Now when are you free to work with us? You see, we need to prepare a lot of material for the coming Earth Day. That’s next Sunday.

B: 14 .

A: It’s Friday today. Can you start right now?

B: Sure. I can’t wait to start.

A: 15 .

B: Thank you.

 

A: I don’t think it’s a good project.

B: Yes, very much.

C: Well, I’m available during the weekends and Friday afternoons.

D: What do you study at college?

E: No, not at all.

F: Welcome to the team.

G: I’m sure they will be very useful for our project.

 

III. Error Identification (10 points)

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets.

16. How could you make such a little child to help you carry the big box?

A B C D

17. As soon as we've finished supper, we'll all go to downtown to see the Sound of Music.

A B C D

18. I really appreciate you recommended me to that company in time.

A B C D

19. He will not do it had he known how serious the outcome would be.

A B C D

20. Her name sounds familiar with me but I can't tell who she is at the moment.

A B C D

21. Rice has been a basically food for millions of people for hundreds of years.

A B C D

22. The director and manager of the department are very strict with the employees.

A B C D

23.Research shows that employees whose obtain satisfaction from their jobs are

A B C

more productive.

D

24. Looking from another angle, the painting would show something different.

A B C D

25. "Never I have heard such a thing in my life!" said the old man.

A B C D

IV. Vocabulary and Structure (30 points)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

26. I believe that every crime, __________ the circumstance, should be severely punished.

A. in spite of B. because of

C. instead of D. on account of

27. The workers are busy __________ models for the exhibition.

A. to make B. with making

C. being making D. making

28. Yesterday Mr. Smith gave a vivid __________ of his recent visit to China.

A. dialogue B. idea

C. tale D. account

29. The definition leaves __________ for disagreement.

A. a small room B. much room

C. great deal room D. not so big a room

30. The bridge was named __________ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.

A. after B. for

C. because of D. before

31. There was a large crowd in the square __________ against the war.

A. protecting B. protesting

C. preventing D. promoting

32. We have __________ to the government for a home improvement loan.

A. arranged B. approached

C. applied D. appointed

33. Tom ____ the shopkeeper with overcharging him for the articles he had bought.

A. accused B. charged

C. blamed D. criticized

34. The idea sounds very good but will it work in __________?

A. practice B. place

C. advance D. company

35. He got a job so that he could be independent __________ his parents.

A. on B. in

C. of D. from

36. We all believe that it'd be hard for him to ________ extra responsibilities now.

A. take apart B. take up

C. take on D. take back

37. In learning English we should not __________ our students of their mistakes all the time.

A. remind B. remember

C. remain D. remark

38. These three teachers vary __________ their manner of teaching.

A. between B. from

C. with D. in

39. Who can it be? I'm quite __________ a loss to guess.

A. of B. on

C. in D. at

40. The monitor __________ the examination papers to the class for his teacher.

A. delivered B. distributed

C. reported D. presented

41. Have you any __________ that you were not there at 9 o'clock last night?

A. statement B. cause

C. words D. proof

42. The children looked up as the planes passed __________.

A. overall B. overhead

C. outward D. forward

43. Charles Dickens __________ many wonderful characters in his novels.

A. invented B. discovered

C. uncovered D. created

44. Many young people find it harder to appreciate __________ music than pop music.

A. simple B. light

C. ancient D. classical

45. If the wounded soldier had been given first ________, he would not have died.

A. help B. aid

C. care D. attention

46. _______, we decided to leave at once, as we didn't want to risk missing the bus.

A. As it being pretty late B. It being pretty late

C. It was being pretty late D. Being pretty late

47. __________ was once regarded as impossible has now become a reality.

A. What B. That

C. Which D. As

48. Mr. Smith, together with his wife and children, __________ going to the party this weekend.

A. am B. is

C. are D. will

49. Would you mind __________ the computer game in your room?

A. him playing B. his playing

C. him to play D. him play

50. By next year he __________ in New York for five years.

A. has worked B. has been working

C. works D. will have worked

51. Henry is often seen __________ English aloud every morning in the classroom.

A. read B. reads

C. reading D. to read

52. Without heat and sunlight, plants on the earth __________ well.

A. would not grow B. will not grow

C. had not grown D. would not be grown

53. Only recently __________ to deal with the environmental problems.

A. something has done B. has something done

C. has something been done D. something has been done

54. The question __________ at the meeting tomorrow is very important.

A. to discuss B. being discussed

C. to be discussed D. will be discussed

55. Since this road is wet and slippery this morning, it __________ last night.

A. must rain B. was raining

C. must have rained D. may rain

V. Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 56-60 are based on the following passage

Almost every family buys at least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people subscribe (订阅) to as many as two or three newspapers. But why do people read newspapers?

Five hundred years ago, news of important happenings —— battles lost and won, kings or rulers overthrown (推翻) or killed —— took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by word of mouth and was never accurate. Today we can read in our newspapers of important events that occur in far away countries on the same year they happen.

Apart from supplying news from all over the world, newspapers give us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories and, of course, advertisements. The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space, but it is worth the money, for news of their products goes into almost every home in the country. For those who produce newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money earned from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit.

Newspapers often have information on gardening, cooking and fashion as well as a small but very popular section on jokes and cartoons.
56. The habit of reading newspapers is _________.

A. uncommon in the world

B. not popular in U. S. A.

C. widespread in the world

D. founded among a few families

57. A few hundred years ago news did not ________ .

A. receive attention

B. travel fast

C. spread to other countries

D. take long to reach other countries

58. In the past, news was ________.

A. sent by telegraph

B. passed from one person to another

C. sent by letter

D. sent by telephone

59. The money spent on advertisements is ____________.

A. wasted B. not much

C. worthwhile D. useless

60. The section on jokes and cartoons is _________.

A. read only by children B. of no value

C. not helpful D. read by many

 

Passage 2

Questions 61-65 are based on the following passage

A scientist who wants to predict the way in which consumers(消费者) will spend their money must study consumer behavior. He must obtain data both on the resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.

If an economist were asked which of three groups borrow most —people with rising incomes, Stable incomes, or decreasing incomes —he would probably answer, those with decreasing incomes. Actually years 1947— 1950,the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with decreasing incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumptions(假设) about earning and spending are not always reliable. Another traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of price increases may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expresser by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we’ll have pay more for meat and milk; we’ll have less to spend on other things. “Her family had been planning to buy a new car but they postponed this purchase. Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be disliked and buyer’s resistance may be produced. This is shown by the following typical comment: “I just don’t pay these prices; they are too high.”

The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America; condition most helpful to spending appears to be price stability. If prices have been stable and people consider that they are reasonable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology(心理学).

61. According to the passage, if one wants to predict the way spend their money, he should _______ .

A. rely on traditional assumptions about earning and spending

B. try to encourage or discourage consumers to spend money

C. carry out investigations on consumer behavior and get data on consumers incomes and money spending motives

D. do researches in consumer psychology in a laboratory.

62. According to paragraph 2, one traditional assumption is that people with ________ incomes borrow most.

A. average B. stable

C. decreasing D. rising

63.According to paragraph 2, research surveys have proved that _________

A. price increases always stimulate people to hasten to buy things

B. rising prices may make people put off their purchase of certain things

C. women are more sensitive to the rising in prices than men

D. the expectations of price increases often make buyers feel angry

64. From the results of the surveys, the writer of this article _________

A. concludes that the saving and spending patterns in Great Britain are better than those in America

B. concludes that the consumers always expect prices to remain stable

C. concludes that maintaining stable prices is a correct business policy

D. does not draw any conclusion

65. Which of the following statements is always TRUE according to the surveys mentioned in the passage?

A. Consumers will put off buying things if they expect prices to decrease.

B. Consumers will spend their money quickly if they expect prices to increase.

C. The price condition has an influence on consumer behavior.

D. Traditional assumptions about earning and spending are reliable.

 

Passage 3

Questions 66-70 are based on the following passage

Advertisement can be thought of "as the means of making known in order to buy or sell goods or services". Advertisement aims to increase people's awareness and arouse interest. It tries to inform and to persuade. The media are all used to spread the message.

The press offers a fairly cheap method, and magazines are used to reach special sections of the market. The cinema and commercial radio are useful for local market.

Television, although more expensive, can be very effective. Public notices are fairly cheap and more permanent in their power of attraction. Other ways of increasing consumer interest are through exhibitions and trade fairs as well as direct mail advertisement.

There can be no doubt that the growth in advertisement is one of the most striking features of the western world in this century. Many businesses such as those handling frozen foods, liquor, tobacco and medicines have been built up largely by advertisement.

We might ask whether the cost of advertisement is paid for by the producer or by the customer. Since advertisement forms part of the cost of production, which has to be covered by the selling price, it is clear that it is the customer who pay for advertisement. However, if large scale advertisement leads to increased demand, production costs are reduced, and the customer pays less.

It is difficult to measure exactly the influence of advertisement on sales. When the market is growing, advertisement helps to increase demand. When the market is shrinking, advertisement may prevent a bigger fall in sales than would occur without its support. What is clear is that businesses would not pay large sums for advertisement if they were not convinced of its value to them.

66. Advertisement is often used to _____.

A. deceive customers   B. increase production

C. arouse suspicion  D. push the sale

67. The word “media”(in the first paragraph)includes _____.

A. the press   B. television

C. radio   D. all of the above

68. Advertisement is mainly paid for by _____.

A. the customer B. the producer

C. increased sales   D. reduced prices

69. Advertisement can increase demand _____.

A. all the time  B. in any circumstances

C. in a growing market  D. in a shrinking market

70. From the last sentence of this passage we conclude that _____.

A. businesses usually do not pay much for advertisement

B. businessmen know well that advertisement could bring them more profits

C. advertisement could hardly convince people of the value of the goods

D. advertisement usually cost businesses large amounts of money

 

Passage 4

Questions 71-75 are based on the following passage

In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a “weight problem”. To many people, the cause is obvious: they eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of the 1910s, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less and didn't watch television.

Several modem studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as the 1979 study of 3, 545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people.

Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University School of Medicine found the following interesting facts:

The more the men ran, the more body fat they lost.

The more they ran, the greater amount of food they ate.

Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.

71. The physical problem that many adult Americans have is that__________.

A. they are too slim B. they work too hard

C. they are too fat D. they lose too much body fat

72. According to the article, given 500 adult Americans, __________ people will have a “weight problem”.

A. 30 B. 50

C. 100 D. 150

73. Is there any scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a “weight problem”?

A. Yes, there is plenty of evidence.

B. Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true.

C. There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.

D. We don't know because the information is not given.

74. In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of the 1910s __________.

A. ate more food and had more physical activities

B. ate less food but had more activities

C. ate less food and had less physical exercise

D. had more weight problems

75. Modem scientific researches have reported to us that__________.

A. fat people eat less food and are less active

B. fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active

C. fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active

D. thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake

VI. Cloze (10 points)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Can authority be criticized? In many of the word, authority is not challenged either out of respect or out of hate. In such countries children are not expected to 76 their teachers in school and curios young scholars or imaginative industrial men are hampered (受阻) in technical research because they don't feel free to 77 with their superiors. Clever researchers may be considered too young to have "any fight" to present findings that are different from knowledge and wisdom of men of old ages.

78 , the American is 79 from childhood to question, analyze and search. School tasks are 80 to encourage the use of a wide range of materials. A composition topic like" Write a paper 81 the world's supply of sugar" will send even a child in search of completely unfamiliar ideas. 82 in the primary grades, children are taught to 83 libraries, and to search for 84 ideas of various sorts. By the time they are 14, 15 and 16, many young scholars are marking original and 85 contributions in all fields of science.

76. A. question B. ask C. change D. charge

77. A. disagree B. complain C. link D. cooperate

78. A. Secondly B. Then C. Therefore D. However

79. A. treated B. trained C. traced D. transformed

80. A. done B. designed C. fulfilled D. neglected

81. A. of B. on C. for D .to

82. A. Since B. As C. If D. Even

83. A. organize B. manage C. clean D. use

84. A. conventional B. same C. new D. familiar

85. A. precious B. valuable C. worth D. priceless

VII. Writing (15 points)

Directions: This part is to test your ability of writing. You are required to write a composition in about 100 words based on the following Chinese outline/ according to the situation. Remember to write it on the Composition Sheet.

Going Abroad to Study

1.有人认为出国留学有很多好处;

2.有人认为出国留学有很多不利之处;

3.你的看法是……

 

One possible version:

Going Abroad to Study

  Some people think that there are a lot of advantages to study abroad. Firstly, we can learn the native language more easily and more rapidly while in the country. Secondly, many foreign universities can offer better studying conditions and have more advanced teaching equipment .Thirdly, going abroad can take us to a new environment with different culture and customs.

  However, some people believe that it isn't worth while to study abroad . For example, the tuition and living expenses are expensive. Moreover, being far away from our mother country, we may feel lonely.

My view is that going abroad has more advantages than disadvantages. So it is advisable to study abroad.
 

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